Spherical pano combined from sweep panoramas

Huck asked me whether it is possible to make a full spherical panorama from sweep panoramas made with the Sony NEX-5:

The camera can pan vertically 185 degrees. It can catch the nadir and zenith. It would have more than 45 degrees horizontally so about 5 shots should get you everything. If these could be stitched you could have a spherical panorama with 5 shots. Have you ever tried this? Do you know if it could be done?

My short answer is: No!

You may ask why? I don’t think you get the results you expect, or hope to get!

I try to make this more clear with the following statements.

  1. When using the camera in landscape mode five shots cover 360 degree, however there is almost no overlap of the shots. So you need at least 6 shots. But this is only true for normal single shots, not for sweep panorama stripes (see the next statement)!

  2. Rectilinear Panorama Detail

    Sweep Panorama Stripe Detail

    When using the vertical sweep panorama mode you get stripes that are only 2160 pixel wide, compared to the 4592 pixel of a normal landscape shot. The image is scaled down inside the camera and furthermore it is cropped on the sides! Thus you need at least eight stripes to cover the full sphere! See the different scale of the following two images showing the same spot of the result panorama.

  3. Some panorama stripes just don’t stitch! In my living room I was not able to get a sweep panorama done, because the camera just was not able to find features for stitching! I tried some of the stripes for about ten times. Always at the same point towards the end I got an error message from the camera. This was usually when the ceiling started, where only few features can be found.
  4. You can’t control the quality in the sweep panorama mode, because the following settings get disabled:
    • ISO
    • JPG Quality
    • Shutter
    • Aperture

  5. Sweep Pano Head Setup

    When using a pano head it gets really complicated, due to the fact that you are shooting in landscape and not in portrait mode (however it would be less complicated, when using an L bracket designed for the NEX-5).

  6. There is no matching lens type available for stitching! I tried my best to stitch a panorama using PTGui Pro but failed. At the moment I’m quite sure that none of the available lens types is the right one! I tried all of them, even the ones, that don’t make real sense. I got the best results using the fish eye lens setting, but somehow this is still wrong.
  7. When shooting handheld you may make curves, that will be straightened in the finished panorama stripe. No stitcher will ever be able to correct this.
  8. The exposure is taken from the start of the panorama, unless you point the camera to a different part of the scene, press the shutter half way down and return to the start.
  9. It’s not easy to hold the shutter all the way when sweeping the pano head.

I hope to get some more information online over the next weekend. 

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This post tries to answer the question whether it is possible to stitch a spherical panorama made from so called sweep panoramas. They can be made using e.g. the Sony NEX-5. A somehow finished panorama can be seen, however it has some big errors and looks really wierd.
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This panorama is the result of 26 stitched images made with the Sony NEX-5 and the 16mm pancake lens. It is a test to be compared with the experiment I described in my last two posts.
Bad Hindelang seen from the viewpoint Nusche.

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Nikon 24mm/F2.8 and Lensbaby Tilt Transformer
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24h Snowing and Raining (timelapse video)
Cylindrical Panorama from a Video Source
Spherical pano stitched from sweep panoramas, an experiment
Tilt experiments with Kipon Tilt adapter for Nikon
Sony SEL55210 E-Mount Lens
Remote Trigger with Arduino
Multirow Spherical Panorama made with the Sony NEX-5
Bad Hindelang seen from Nusche
Nikon Nikkor 24mm f/2.8 AI and Lensbaby Tilt
Cross on Summit of Mount Hirschberg

Author: PanoTwin Markus

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